Article on Improving the Authenticity of your
early period fabrics:
This article contains a list of DMC & Paterna wool colours, which correspond to known period dyes.
It also talks about fabric materials, types, weaves, sett
Here are scans of a set of colour cards, made up based on the DMC colour
Note that what you see on your monitor won't exactly match the original, so these should be taken with a grain of salt.
Also note that there is certainly variation in what colour you get from a particular dye, so these are just a sample of possible colours, and not all dyes listed in the article are here - but it should be a pretty good overview.
Colours appropriate for all classes:
Middle Class Colours:
High Class Colours